dog eye infection

Dog Eye Infection: Prevention, Treatment and Causes


Eye infections in dogs can be a common problem, causing discomfort and even vision loss if left untreated. As a responsible pet owner, it is important to understand the causes, symptoms, and treatments of dog eye infection, as well as how to prevent them from occurring.In this comprehensive guide, we will provide in-depth information on the most common types of dog eye infection, their causes, and treatments. We will also share tips on preventing eye infections in your furry friend and what to do if your dog is showing symptoms of an eye infection.

Common Types of Dog Eye Infections

There are several different types of eye infections that can affect dogs, including bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic infections. Let’s take a closer look at each of these types of infections:

Bacterial Eye Infections

Bacterial eye infections are the most common type of eye infections in dogs. They are caused by bacteria, such as Staphylococcus or Streptococcus, that can enter the eye from other parts of the body or from contaminated objects such as toys or food bowls.

Bacterial eye infections can result in uncomfortable symptoms for your furry friend, such as redness, swelling, discharge, and squinting. Sometimes, dogs may try to relieve their discomfort by rubbing or scratching their eyes, which can cause additional irritation and harm to the eye.

Antibiotics are the most common treatment for bacterial eye infections, and your veterinarian may prescribe oral or topical antibiotics to clear up the infection. However, it is important to follow your veterinarian’s instructions for administering the antibiotics and to complete the full course of treatment, even if your dog’s symptoms improve before the medication is finished.

Viral Eye Infections

Viral eye infections are caused by viruses such as canine distemper or canine herpes virus. These infections are highly contagious and can spread rapidly from dog to dog through direct contact or the air.

Viral eye infections can cause symptoms such as redness, swelling, discharge, and squinting, and in some cases, dogs may also experience vision loss. Anti-viral medications may be necessary to treat viral eye infections, and your veterinarian will determine the best course of treatment based on the specific virus causing the infection.

Fungal Eye Infections

Fungal eye infections, while less common, can be serious when they do occur. They are caused by fungi, such as Aspergillus or Candida, and can be the result of a weakened immune system or exposure to contaminated environments.

If your furry friend is suffering from a fungal eye infection, you might notice some uncomfortable symptoms such as redness, swelling, discharge, and squinting. In this case, you will need to bring them to the veterinarian, who will prescribe anti-fungal medications to treat the infection. The specific medication will depend on the type of fungus causing the infection, and your vet will be able to determine the best course of action to provide your pet with relief. Keep your dog healthy with these tips.

Parasitic Eye Infections

Parasitic eye infections, such as mange mites or Demodex mites, can also cause eye infections in dogs. These tiny parasites can burrow into the skin and cause inflammation and itching.

To treat parasitic eye infections in pets, specialized shampoos or topical medications are needed to get rid of the mites and alleviate symptoms such as redness, swelling, discharge, and squinting. The vet can also prescribe prescription eye ointments or drops for further relief and healing of the affected eye.

Symptoms of Dog Eye Infections

dog eye infection


The dog eye infection symptoms may vary depending on the cause of the infection, but some common signs include:

  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Discharge
  • Squinting
  • Rubbing or scratching at the eye
  • Cloudiness or haze in the eye
  • Pain or discomfort
  • Vision loss

Pay attention to any changes in your dog’s eye appearance or behavior, and seek veterinary care if you suspect an eye infection. Delaying treatment can lead to more serious complications and permanent vision loss. You can see dog eye drops.

Prevention of Dog Eye Infections

dog eye infection


There are several steps that pet owners can take to prevent eye infections in their dogs:

  1. Regular eye checks: Regularly checking your dog’s eyes and surrounding area can help you identify any potential problems early on and seek treatment before the infection worsens.
  2. Cleaning: Keeping your dog’s eyes and surrounding area clean can help prevent the buildup of bacteria and other pathogens that can cause infections. This includes wiping away any discharge or debris and regularly cleaning your dog’s face, including the area around the eyes.
  3. Avoiding contaminated environments: Dogs that spend time in dirty or contaminated environments, such as kennels or dog parks, are at a higher risk of developing eye infections. Try to keep your dog away from these types of environments, or clean their face and eyes thoroughly after exposure.

Treatment of Dog Eye Infections

dog eye infection


The dog eye infection treatment may vary depending on the cause of the infection but may include the following:

  • Bacterial eye infections in dogs are typically treated with antibiotics and eye drops.
  • Allergies are often the suspected cause of eye infections in dogs, and the vets may prescribe antihistamines to soothe the eyes
  • If foreign bodies or debris are irritating the eye, the vet may remove them while the dog is under sedation or local anesthesia.
  • Surgery followed by eye drops and antibiotics is often required to treat blocked tear ducts in dogs.
  • To stimulate tear production, dogs suffering from dry eye or keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) may be prescribed medications like cyclosporine or tacrolimus.
  • Eyelid or eyelash abnormalities that cause the lashes to rub against the eyeball are generally treated with surgery to correct the issue.

It is important to follow your veterinarian’s instructions for administering medications and to complete the full course of treatment, even if your dog’s symptoms improve before the medication is finished.

Also Read: Best Guard Dogs: Which Breed of Dogs Are Best for Security?


1. Can a Dog’s Eye Infection Go Away on Its Own?

Answer: Eye infections do not typically improve on their own, and it is crucial to seek veterinary attention for your pet immediately. Delaying treatment can result in irreversible blindness, and the discomfort caused by the infection can be excruciating.

2. What Does a Dog Eye Infection Look Like?

Answer: Signs of eye infections in dogs include watering eyes, weeping, yellow, green, or white discharge, pawing at the eye, blinking more than usual, swelling, redness, and squinting.

3. How Do I Know If My Dog Has Viral or Bacterial Conjunctivitis?

Answer: Typically, a cloudy white, yellow, or greenish mucus-like discharge is observed from the affected eye(s). Green or yellow discharge usually signifies a bacterial infection, while clear or white discharge is more likely to be associated with allergies.

4. Should I Wipe My Dog’s Eye Discharge?

Answer: Giving equal importance to eyes and ears, it’s essential to clean your dog’s eyes during bath time. It’s important not to overlook any noticeable discharge from the eyes that may require cleaning.

5. When Should I Take My Dog to the Vet for an Eye Infection?

Answer: Eye infections in dogs can be caused by various factors. If your furry friend shows symptoms like discomfort, redness, or sensitivity to light, it is recommended to take them to a veterinarian. If left untreated, the infection may spread or even cause vision loss.

Final Thoughts

Prevent and treat dog eye infection to keep your furry friend healthy and comfortable. Understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatments can help in early diagnosis and recovery. Regular check-ups, cleanliness, and a boosted immune system are key preventative measures. Timely veterinary attention is crucial for successful treatment and a full recovery. Maintain your dog’s well-being by being vigilant about their eye health.

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Ruby Jennifer

Hi, I am Ruby Jennifer a blogger. The main motive to create this site is that I want to share knowledge about Pets Information, Stories, Pet Breeds, and tips for grooming with all the pet lovers out there.