French Bulldog Breed

Your Go-To Resource for French Bulldog Information and Care Essentials. The French Bulldog, also known as Frenchie, ranks number 1 in terms of the most popular dog breeds in the world. Their small size, adorable appearance, and calm personality make them perfect for every type of pet parent. They can easily charm anyone with their distinctive features, like the squished nose and adorable wrinkles. 

Whether you are looking for a buddy for daily walks, cozy cuddles, or playful antics, a Frenchie could be your ideal companion. But before you decide to bring them home, it’s beneficial to know more about this breed and what makes them special. In this guide, we are going to cover everything about the French Bulldog breed, including care tips for new owners. 

Breed Overview

The French Bulldog is a small, muscular dog known for its distinctive bat-like ears. Beyond their cute appearance, Frenchies are lively, playful, and affectionate companions, making them a favorite breed in the United States.

Their compact size makes them suitable for smaller homes and apartments. They’re generally quiet, only barking when someone approaches.  However, they don’t cope well with extended periods of solitude, so if you have a busy schedule or travel often, this breed might not be the best fit.

Keep reading to discover more about these dogs.

French Bulldog Breed Guide

Breed Name: French Bulldog

Breed Group: Non-Sporting

Height: 11 to 13 inches

Weight: 16 to 28 pounds

Lifespan: 10 to 12 years

Coat: Short and smooth

Color: Various (brindle, fawn, white, or pied)

Temperament: Affectionate, lively, playful, and loyal

Grooming Needs: Low maintenance (regular brushing and occasional bathing)

Hypoallergenic: No

Origin: France

Fun Fact

The majority of French Bulldogs are conceived through artificial insemination.

Types of French Bulldogs

Types of French Bulldogs

Depending on the coat type and color, here are the different types of French Bulldogs:

  • Fluffy French Bulldog – They are uncommon due to their medium coat. These Fluffy Frenchies require more grooming and can be priced between $10,000 and $19,000.
  • Chocolate Frenchie – These dogs are distinguished by their light tan or dark brown coats. They can fetch prices of $4,500 to $5,000.
  • Blue French Bulldog – They are known for their blue-gray coat color blue french bulldog due to a genetic mutation. These dogs can be quite expensive, ranging from $3,000 to $10,000.
  • Cream Frenchie – Recognized by their pale ivory or off-white coat, these Frenchies may cost between $2,500 and $5,500.
  • Brindle French Bulldog – Commonly seen with a tiger-striped pattern, these Frenchies typically cost between $4,000 and $5,500.
  • Fawn French Bulldog – Sporting shades of beige to golden tan, these Frenchies usually range from $3,500 to $12,000.
  • Isabella French Bulldog – Rare and in demand, these Frenchies boast a fawn-colored coat with a blue-grey tint. They can cost around $9,000 to $30,000.
  • Platinum Frenchie – Rare and distinguished by their silver-blue color, these Frenchies can cost $7,990 to $9,990.
  • Merle French Bulldog – Merle french dogs are known for their marble-like pattern. They require careful breeding to avoid health issues and may be priced at $4,990 or higher.
  • Lilac Frenchie – Uncommon and similar to blue Frenchies but without the brown gene, Lilac Frenchies can cost $4,500 to $5,500.
  • Pied French Bulldog – With predominantly white coats and patches of other colors, these Frenchies typically range from $4,690 to $5,990.
  • Pure Black Frenchie – Rare and mostly black in color, these Frenchies can range from $4,790 to $4,990.
  • Sable French Bulldog – Sporting fawn coloring with black-tipped hairs, these Frenchies may cost between $4,190 and $5,290.
  • Tiger Brindle Frenchie – Featuring a dark coat with fine white hairs, these Frenchies can vary in price.
  • White French Bulldog – Uncommon and often mistaken for cream or platinum Frenchies, these dogs can cost around $5,500.


History of french bulldog

The Beginning

Since the early 19th century, bulldogs in the United Kingdom were selectively bred for non-sporting purposes following the ban on activities like bull-baiting in 1835. By the mid-1800s, smaller bulldogs emerged.

These dogs gained popularity in France, leading to a trade in small imported bulldogs. Breeders in England sent over Bulldogs deemed too small or with imperfections like upright ears. 

In the 19th century, American visitors developed a fondness for French Bulldogs and began bringing them back home. These dogs had been imported to America for some time, but it wasn’t until 1885 that they were brought specifically to establish a breeding program in the country. 

Initially owned mostly by affluent women, Frenchies made their debut at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1896. In the following year, the judge favored dogs with “rose ears,” similar to the Bulldogs’ standard.

Throughout the early 20th century, Frenchies remained fashionable among the elite, fetching high prices and being owned by influential families like the Rockefellers and J.P. Morgans. 


french bulldog Appearance

On average, French Bulldogs stand between 11 to 13 inches tall. Male Frenchies actually weigh between 20 and 28 pounds, and females weigh between 16 and 24 pounds.

CharacteristicMale Female 
Height 11 to 13 inches11 to 12 inches
Weight20 to 28 pounds16 to 24 pounds
  • Body – French Bulldogs have a compact and muscular body with a broad chest and a slightly arched back. They feature adorable wrinkles, especially around the face and shoulders.
  • Head – Frenchies have a distinctive head shape characterized by a broad skull and a short, square muzzle. Their wrinkled forehead adds to their charming and expressive face.
  • Ears – Their distinctive bat-like ears are wide at the base and stand erect, adding to their unique charm.
  • Eyes – With large, round, and dark brown eyes set wide apart, Frenchies have an expressive and affectionate gaze.
  • Tail – Their short, low-set tail is straight or slightly curved, adding to their balanced appearance.

Coat and Color

french bulldogs coat colors

The French Bulldog’s coat is short, smooth, and shiny, with a fine texture. Their skin is loose and wrinkled, especially around the head and shoulders, and feels soft to the touch. 

Frenchies come in various colors, such as:

  • Cream or white
  • Fawn
  • Different shades of brindle
  • Fawn and white
  • Brindle and white

Brindle coats have specks and streaks of light and dark markings, including,

  • Black brindle
  • Tiger brindle

Additionally, there are brindle and white combinations, known as brindle pied.

Frenchies can have any color except,

  • Liver
  • Solid black
  • Mouse
  • Black with white or tan

It’s important to be cautious of breeders who claim that certain colors are rare and, therefore, more valuable.

Characteristics and Temperament

French Bulldog Characteristics and Temperament

French Bulldogs may appear serious at first glance, but they’re actually playful and cheerful companions. They have a strong desire to please their owners and can adapt to different lifestyles.

For instance, if their owner enjoys outdoor activities, Frenchies will happily join in, showing no signs of fatigue. On the other hand, if their owner prefers quiet activities at home, these dogs will happily lounge nearby.

Frenchies have low tendencies for excessive barking and digging, making them excellent watchdogs but poor guard dogs. They generally get along well with other animals but may become jealous if they feel their owner’s attention is diverted.

These dogs are not prone to aggression and typically respond to threats with barking rather than aggression. However, their temperament can be influenced by their parents’ traits.

Lastly, French Bulldog puppies don’t do well when left alone for long periods. They may develop separation anxiety, leading to depression and behavioral issues.

To sum up their characteristics and behavior,

  • French Bulldogs are very affectionate
  • They are extremely friendly
  • Frenchies don’t need much exercise
  • They are very playful
  • They can live with kids and other pets with proper training
  • Frenchies have moderate energy level
  • They have medium trainability
  • They don’t have much tendency to bark or shed
  • Their intelligence level is medium
Fun Fact

A French Bulldog was aboard the Titanic.

Health and Nutrition

French bulldogs Health and Nutrition
  • What to Feed – Choose a balanced, life-stage-appropriate dog food approved by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO). Avoid overfeeding to prevent obesity, which can exacerbate back injuries and respiratory issues.
  • Feeding Routine – Adult dogs should be fed two meals a day, while Frenchie puppies may require three to four meals daily on a consistent schedule. Stick to a diet suitable for their life stage: puppy food until age 1, adult food from 1 to 7 years, and a senior diet for older Frenchies.
  • Portion Control – The amount of food depends on the brand and nutrient content. Refer to the packaging for recommended daily servings based on your Frenchie’s healthy weight. Consult your vet before changing their diet or if you have concerns about their food consumption.
  • Nutritional Advice – Consider adding a quality omega-3 supplement to support your French Bulldog’s skin, coat, and overall health. Omega-3 fatty acids can enhance skin resistance to infections, reduce inflammation, and promote joint health.
  • Treats – Limit treats to maintain a balanced diet. It should be only 10% of their daily calorie intake. Choose treats that are appropriate for your Frenchie’s size and health needs.
  • Water – Make sure your Frenchie has access to fresh water at all times to stay hydrated and support overall well-being.

Common Health Problems

french bulldog sleeping

The physical structure of the French Bulldog puppies makes them susceptible to certain hereditary health issues. It’s important to be mindful of these conditions:

  • Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome – French Bulldogs, like other flat-faced breeds such as English Bulldogs and Pugs, can suffer from brachycephalic airway syndrome. It’s important to monitor your Frenchie closely during physical activity and avoid excessive heat exposure.
  • Hip Dysplasia – Although more common in larger breeds, Frenchies can also develop hip dysplasia, which involves abnormal development in the hip joints.
  • Sensitive Skin – Frenchie puppies often have sensitive skin, which can be prone to allergies. Symptoms may include scratching, licking/chewing feet, skin infections, and redness. 
  • Heart Issues – Due to their limited oxygen intake, Frenchies are prone to developing heart tumors and pulmonic stenosis, a congenital heart defect. 
  • Ear Infections – Ear infections, both yeast and bacterial, are common in Frenchies. Symptoms include scratching, head shaking, odor, and inflammation. 
  • Birthing Issues – Due to their physical characteristics, Frenchies often require cesarean sections for delivery. 
  • Eye Problems – Frenchies can experience issues like cherry eye, juvenile cataracts, or entropion. Veterinary treatment can help alleviate discomfort.
  • Intervertebral Disc Disease – This condition involves herniation of spinal discs, causing pain and potentially paralysis. Frenchies, being a dwarf breed, are at higher risk for spinal issues.
  • Patellar Luxation – Small dogs, including Frenchies, may experience their kneecaps slipping out of place. Surgery is often necessary to correct this condition and restore normal mobility.

Responsible breeders typically screen their Frenchie puppies for these health issues. However, prospective Frenchie owners should be prepared for potential veterinary visits to address these concerns.

Behavior and Training

french bulldog playing

Frenchie puppies are known for their playful and outgoing nature. They are cheerful dogs that enjoy socializing with both people and other pets. With proper socialization, they typically get along well with everyone they meet.

They are curious and love to play games. They thrive on attention and are often found close to their families. While they may initially be cautious in new situations, proper socialization helps them adjust, as they generally have a relaxed temperament.

Frenchies are intelligent and eager learners, making consistent training sessions a great way to strengthen your bond. They’re often motivated by food, making treats a useful tool in training. Crate training can be effective in housebreaking this breed.

Socialization is key for Frenchies to adapt well to their surroundings. Basic obedience training can start as early as eight weeks old. Attending training and socialization classes can help them learn new commands while becoming comfortable around new people and animals.

Positive reinforcement works best for training French Bulldogs, as they enjoy interactive and fun sessions. They respond well to games and activities but may lose interest if training becomes too serious or dull.

Fun Fact

They can be amazing babysitters.

Exercise Needs

French Bulldog doing Exercise

The Frenchie is more of a lapdog than a jogging companion, so it’s crucial to approach exercise with care. Due to their short noses and potential breathing issues, they can easily overheat. While daily exercise is important, it’s essential not to push them too hard.

Your Frenchie will happily engage in indoor or outdoor playtime. Here are some fun activities to keep them happy:

  • Obedience training
  • Short walks
  • Agility
  • Hide-and-seek games
  • Fetch
  • Tug-of-warTop of FormTop of Form Top of Form

Grooming Needs

French Bulldogs may require special attention due to their flat-faced structure, but maintaining their short coat is relatively easy.

  • Skin Care – Regularly clean the skin folds on your Frenchie’s face to prevent food or drool build-up. A damp cloth or medicated wipe can help keep these areas clean and dry. 
  • Bathing every one or two months is recommended, especially if your pup has skin allergies, using a medicated shampoo as needed.
  • Coat Care – Frenchies have short coats and shed moderately. Weekly brushing helps remove loose hair and prevents it from accumulating on furniture.
  • Teeth Care – Brush your teeth 2 to 3 times a week using a soft-bristled toothbrush and dog toothpaste. Provide dental chews or toys for additional oral hygiene. Regular veterinary check-ups are essential for overall dental health.
  • Eye Care – Wipe your Frenchie’s eyes as needed to remove any discharge and prevent moisture build-up in the skin fold between their eyes and nose.
  • Nail Care – Trim your Frenchie’s nails every 2 to 4 weeks to prevent discomfort and walking issues. Avoid cutting the quick, and consult a professional if unsure.
  • Ear Care – Clean your Frenchie’s ears every week or two with a canine ear cleanser to prevent infections. Make sure their ears are dried thoroughly after bathing to maintain cleanliness.

Are French Bulldogs Hypoallergenic?

Frenchies are not hypoallergenic, meaning they are not less likely to cause allergic reactions in people. Like all dogs, they produce proteins in their urine, saliva, and dander that can trigger allergies in sensitive individuals. 

It’s important for anyone with allergies to spend time with Frenchies before considering bringing one into their home. Additionally, there are measures you can take to minimize the risk of allergic reactions. 


French Bulldog puppies for sale can cost anywhere between $1,500 and $5,000 in the U.S. This high price tag is due to their popularity and pleasant temperament, making them desirable pets for small living spaces like apartments. Moreover, Frenchie puppies require C-section deliveries, adding to the expense.

The price of French Bulldogs for sale can also differ based on various factors like the pup’s age, gender, quality, family history, and where the breeder is located.

Fun Fact

Numerous celebrities, such as the Beckhams, Jonah Hill, Lady Gaga, Reese Witherspoon, Hugh Jackman, and Leonardo DiCaprio, are proud owners of French Bulldogs.

Life Span

As per the AKC, Frenchies typically live for 10- to 12 years on average. Among bulldog breeds, Frenchies have the longest lifespan – with English Bulldogs averaging around eight years. However, the lifespan of a Frenchie can be influenced by factors such as genetics and the quality of their adult life.


Where to find French Bulldogs for sale?

You can easily find French Bulldogs for sale through reputable breeders or adoption agencies.

Why are French bulldogs so expensive?

French Bulldog puppies for sale are costly due to the expenses involved in breeding them.

Can French bulldogs swim?

Frenchies generally struggle with swimming due to their breathing problems and heavy heads. 

Do French Bulldogs smell a lot?

No, they do not typically have a strong odor. 

Are Frenchies shy?

They are not typically shy and tend to have outgoing personalities.

Do French Bulldogs lick a lot?

Frenchies may lick occasionally, but they are not known to lick a lot.


That’s all about French Bulldogs! These small, loving dogs are ideal for any type of home environment and don’t need much grooming and care. The best part is their easygoing nature and sweet disposition that can win anyone over.

However, remember that they are susceptible to various health problems, so it is important to choose a reputable breeder. Also, you need to give them a proper diet and follow all the safety precautions to ensure they remain healthy. 

We hope this guide helps you decide whether a Frenchie is perfect for your home. Overall, they are great dogs and easy to care for. 

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