Spotted cat breeds

The Most Famous Rusty Spotted Cat Breeds

928 views

Rusty spotted cats also known as Prionailurus rubiginosus is one of the smallest members of the cat family and the smallest of cats found in Asia. Historical records of its origin are found from Srilanka and India but some recent records of its existence have been found in the Western region of Terai in Nepal.In the IUCN Red List, its wild population has been listed as near threatened as it is affected by habitat destruction. Initially, their scientific name was Felis rubiginosa which was later changed to Prionailurus rubiginosus in 1939.Three subspecies of the Rusty-spotted cat are recognized:

  1. In India and Nepal: Prionailurus rubiginosus rubiginosus
  2. Wet forests of Srilanka: Prionailurus rubiginosus phillipsi
  3. Lowland dry zone of Srilanka: Prionailurus rubiginosus koladivius 

Spotted cats look extremely impressive and their spots give them a great resemblance to the bigger, wild cats like cheetahs and leopards. This feature makes them extremely popular and increases their demand around the globe because who would mind a thrilling sight of a smaller version of a big cat roaming around their house?

The Rusty-spotted cat size is so tiny that even the largest ones are 19 inches long and do not weigh more than 1.6 kgs. The rusty-spotted cat size is half of the regular domestic cat. 

They are a rare species and they are only found in 2-3 countries throughout the world. It’s very hard to spot a Rusty-spotted cat in the wild as they do their best to stay out of sight. Their nocturnal nature makes them harder to spot. 

Scientific Name Prionailurus rubiginosus
Other names Known as:

Spotty-rusted cat in English

Handun diviya, kadu poona and verewapuni in Sri Lanka

Bitari billi, kaadu bekku, namali pelli in India

Gato rubiginosa and gato rojizo in Spanish

Rostkatze in German

And chat leopard de l’Inde in French

Group nameDestruction, Clowder, Clutter, Pounce
Length 14 to 19 inches
Weight 0.9 to 1.6 kgs
Origin India, Srilanka, and Nepal
Climate zonesTropical, Arid, and Temperate
Lifestyle Territorial, viviparous, ambush predator, arboreal and precocial.
Nature Carnivorous, Nocturnal
Lifespan 18 years
Population <10,000

Description

KINGDOM: Animalia

PHYLUM: Chordata

SUBPHYLUM: Vertebrata

CLASS: Mammalia

ORDER: Carnivora

SUBORDER: Feliformia

FAMILY: Felidae

GENUS: Prionailurus

SPECIES: Prionailurus rubiginosus

The coat of the Rusty-spotted cat is soft and short and it is known as a smaller, washed-out, or smaller version of the big cats. Their tail measures half the length of their body and is rustier colored, it has less distinct spots and is thick. 

The fur of the Rusty-coated cat is short and reddish-grey with dark rusty spots on the back and flank. Extending from the eyes they have 4 blackish lines running back over the head until the neck. They have horizontal bars on the chest and legs. 

The head of Rusty-spotted is rounded and has large eyes that are marked with a white streak along the inside edges. Their large eyes aid their nocturnal hunting. Each cheek of the cat is marked with 2 dark streaks and the back, sides of their body show reddish-brown blotches that merge into lines.

The belly, throat, chin, inner side of legs, and chest of this cat are white, covered with bars and large dark spots. They have small, rounded ears and black soles on their feet. 

The rusty-spotted cat rivals the black-footed cat as the smallest cat on the planet.

They are also known as the hummingbird of the cat family due to their speed, size, and agility as compared to the small yet rigorous hummingbirds.

Lifestyle

The Top 10 Smallest Cats in the World - AZ Animals

Source: azanimals.com

Rusty-spotted cats are solitary and occupy forests and as of recently, human-dominated areas. They are terrestrial animals but also exhibit arboreal tendencies. They hunt during the night and spend their days resting or hiding in the trees or hollow wooden logs.

They hunt on the ground but climb trees to escape predators. Just like most territorial animals, they mark their territory by spraying urine. They hunt by ambushing their prey by jumping on them from a hiding spot.

Rusty-Spotted Cats as Pets

11 Stunning South American Wild Cats and Where to See Them

Source: thewildlifediaries.com

These cats are predominantly wild, thus the suitability of the rusty-spotted cat as a pet is questionable and most experts advise against it. No matter how cute and small cats they appear, they do not trust easily irrespective of how much they see you daily.

Their ambush and hunt nature make them prone to attacking strangers instinctively. Rusty-spotted cat pets are not known to thrive well in captivity as it takes them a very long time to adapt.

Rusty-spotted cats are crossed with domestic cats and the hybrids are better suitable as pets. One might still face more challenges having a spotted hybrid cat as they may retain some of the wild traits.

Note : The sale of Rusty-spotted cats is illegal as only 10,000 cats now remain in the wild. As responsible citizens, we must report to the police if we see a Rusty-spotted cat being sold. You can get the domesticated hybrids of Rusty-spotted as pets.

Rusty-Spotted Cat Diet

rusty spotted cats: Ocicat

Source: wildlifecats.com

Rusty-spotted cats are complete carnivores and thrive on meat. Their diet includes small rodents, frogs, lizards, birds, and small amphibians. They even devour dead prey at times. In the wild, they are capable of killing prey thrice their size. 

They ambush their prey and hunt them by jumping on them from a hiding spot in bushes or the trees.

Rusty-Spotted Cat Kitten

All 40 Species of Wild Cats and Where to See Them in the Wild

Source: thewildlifediaries.com

These cats have a brief mating season as the cats are extremely vulnerable to attack during this period. They can have a litter of two to three Rusty-spotted cat kittens. One rusty-spotted cat kitten per gestation is pretty common too.

Their gestation period is 2 months and the kittens stick with their mother until they can take care of themselves on their own. Rusty-spotted cat kittens are considered adults when they reach sexual maturity.

Kittens of rusty-spotted cats are born blind and remain so for the first few days. The rusty-spotted kitten size is very small at birth, weighing not more than a few grams. kitten of the rusty-spotted cat does not have distinct rusty spots like the adult but has rows of black spots

Rusty-Spotted Cst Price

All 40 Species of Wild Cats and Where to See Them in the Wild

Source: catsworld.com

Rusty-spotted cat’s price may range from 1500$ to 20000$ depending on a lot of factors. Since they are declared threatened, it is not advised to keep them as pets as they do not thrive well in captivity. Irrespective of the rusty-spotted cat price, they are not suitable as pets.

Although the similar-looking domestic variants can be kept as pets.

Best Rusty Spotted Cat Breeds

The Top 10 Smallest Cats in the World - AZ Animals

Source: azanimals.com

The spotted pet breeds are usually the domesticated counterparts that look very similar to the rusty-spotted cats.

The best rusty-spotted cat breeds are the ones that are crossed with domestic cats. There have been no reports of intentional breeding but these cats do tend to naturally mate with domestic cats. Usually, a close relative of the rusty-spotted cat known as the Asian leopard cat is used in these crosses.

So the better and more correct term would be Best Spotted Cat Breeds and they are as follows:

Bengal Cat 

rusty spotted cats: Bengal

Source: coolwallpaper.co

Bengal cats are known for their spots that give them a wild look. These cats love water unlike the Rusty-spotted cat and have friendly personalities.

Weight: 3.6 to 6.8 kgs

Height: 8 to10 inches

Coat: short hair coat with a variety of colors exhibiting spots, rosettes, and marbling.

Lifespan: up to 15 years

Savannah Cat

rusty spotted cats: Savannah Cat

Source: mocah.org

They are also spotted hybrid cats that are bigger than the Bengal cat. They are a hybrid between a domestic cat and a serval. Savannah is the largest breed of spotted cats as pets. 

Weight: 3.4 to 10.9 kgs

Height:14 to 16 inches

Coat: short, brown, silver, or black coat with spots.

Lifespan: 14 to 20 years

Serengeti

rusty spotted cats: Serengeti

Source: purrfectcatbreeds.com

A cross between the Bengal cat and the oriental shorthair, these spotted cats maintain their exotic-looking, spotted coat and look like the savannah cat. They are active and exhibit agility.

Weight: 3.6 to 6.8 kgs

Height: 8 to 10 inches

Coat: various colors with spots. Short-haired.

Lifespan: 10 to 12 years

Pixie Bob

rusty spotted cats: Pixiebob

Source : thehappycatsite.com

They are a naturally occurring hybrid and probably the only cat of this sort. They have bobbed tails and ear tufts and are known for making chirping noises. They have a sociable temperament.

Weight: 4 to 7 kgs

Height: 9 to 12 inches

Coat: short-haired, sometimes may have long hair that is red or brown with spots.

Lifespan: up to 15 years

Toyger

ToygerMostert – Toyger Cat Society

Source: wikimediacommons.com

 The Toyger, as the name suggests, has Tiger-like stripes developed by crossing a Bengal cat with the domestic tabby cat. They are highly trainable and friendly, their playfulness makes them amazing as house cats.

Weight: 3.2 to 6 kgs

Height: 10-12 inches

Coat: Orange to brown with black stripes. They have short hair.

Lifespan: 10-15 years

Cheetoh

File:BEN Bengalian kitten (4492540155).jpg - Wikimedia Commons

Source: catpunks.com

Cheetoh is a gentle cat with wild looks. It is a spotted cat that is a hybrid of Bengal cat and ocicat. They are large but have a friendly temperament. 

Weight: 5.4 to 11.3 kgs

Height: 12 to 17 inches

Coat: short hair coat seen in multiple colors with spots.

Lifespan: up to 15 years

Also Read: Curly Haired Cats : Unusual or Unique?

Egyptian Mau

rusty spotted cats: Egyptian Mau

Source: upload.wikimedia.org

It is one of the fastest spotted breeds of cats. They are friendly and loyal and considered a good choice of pets. They have a high level of energy and are affectionate.

Weight: 2.7 to 6.3 kgs

Height: 7 to 10 inches

Coat: medium length. silver, bronze, or smoke-colored coat with spots.

Lifespan: 12 to 15 years

Chausie

File:Chausie IMG 5521.jpg - Wikipedia

Source: wikipedia.com

A cross between jungle cats and domestic ones. This spotted cat breed is playful and enjoys the company of people as well as other pets. Their build is such that it supports running and jumping which makes the cat athletic and active.

Weight: 3.6 to 7.2 kgs

Height: 15 to 18 inches

Coat: solid black, black grizzled, black or brown ticked with short hair.

Lifespan: up to 14 years

We advise against owning the rare Rusty-spotted cat which is incredibly hard to tame and has a rough time adapting as a pet, we instead suggest you get one of the similar-looking domesticated breeds of spotted cats. They are equally gorgeous and have wild looks combined with a playful personality and love for humans.

These spotted breeds of cats make wonderful family pets as they get along with both humans and other pets.

For more information on pet care, breeds, or pet foods, visit PetsNurturing.

For quick pet tips and adorable pictures, follow us on our Instagram page pets_nurturing.